The Story: The King Who Had It All

“What do you want?”

That can be a dangerous question. But it’s an important question, a question we’re confronted with throughout our lives. From our earliest days, our parents ask us, “What do you want to be when you grow up?” A perpetual series of decisions — from the kinds of clothes we wear to the schools we attend to the friends we make — help us answer the question.

People have long been infatuated with the idea of wish fulfillment. Sigmund Freud coined the term as far back as 1899. Of course, for Freud, he was referring to the satisfaction of an impulse or desire through a dream or through the imagination.

The_Genie_by_Blue_J23When you hear the phrase “wish fulfillment” you might picture the mythical story of the genie that appears out of a lamp to grant someone three wishes. In these stories, a person’s character is determined by what they ask for: if they ask for riches, then they’re done in by their greed; if they ask for vengeance, then they’re angry or bitter.

This gets at the underlying issue of desire. Many times, we desire the right kinds of things; other times, we want the wrong things. Our lives basically exist in the tension between these two: which desires will win out?

There is one Biblical character who is a prime example of this. Solomon was asked this very question: What do you want? Only it wasn’t some sort of Freudian dream or genie-in-a-bottle fairy tale. Solomon heard this question directly from the Lord in 1 Kings 3.

As the text begins, King David has passed away and his son, Solomon, is seated on the throne. David’s capitol, Jerusalem, expands under the leadership of Solomon. In fact, verse 1 gives us a bit of a summary statement regarding Solomon’s administration. It says that he will build up Jerusalem’s city walls, he will build the temple of the Lord and he will build a palace for himself.

City walls


Royal palace

One way to look at Solomon’s life is to look at the structures that he built. Each one of these demonstrates the desires competing within Solomon.

City walls – built for the good of the people; serves to keep out predators, enemies.

Temple – built for the glory of the Lord; a place for Him to be worshiped.

Royal palace – built for gratification of self; it takes Solomon twice as long to build the palace as it does the temple.

Solomon’s life is summed up by the structures he built. Each structure reflects one of Solomon’s desires. More to say about that in a moment.

And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there, for that was the great high place. Solomon used to offer a thousand burnt offerings on that altar. At Gibeon the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by night, and God said, “Ask what I shall give you.” (1 Kings 3:4-5, ESV)

Solomon journeys to Gibeon and makes a tremendous sacrifice: 1,000 burnt offerings! This is an extravagant expression of devotion to God! As you’re going to see, Solomon doesn’t do anything halfway. And remember that number (1,000)…it’s going to come in to play again in just a moment.

God is so pleased with Solomon that He says, “Ask for whatever you want and I’ll give it to you.” Can you imagine hearing the Lord say this to you? What do you say?

Solomon responds by saying, “You have shown great kindness to your servant, my father David…you have continued this great kindness to me. But I am only a little child and do not know how to carry out my duties. Your servant is here among the people you have chosen, a great people, too numerous to count or number. So give your servant a discerning heart to govern your people and to distinguish between right and wrong.”(v6-9)

This is Solomon at his best; he’s humble, doesn’t believe he’s capable of the task ahead of him without God’s help. So he asks for a discerning heart, which literally means “a hearing heart.” He wants to be able to hear, perceive, discern in order to properly govern the people. Solomon wants to hear the needs of the people in order to properly lead them. The word “govern” is also rendered “judge”. It’s the word used to describe the activity of the judges in Israel who would deliver the people from the oppression of their enemies and lead them properly. Elsewhere it’s used to hear the case of the poor and the downtrodden.

This is so interesting: Solomon has a blank check from God; ask for whatever you want. And he asks for something that will benefit the people. Such a selfless request!

So back to our three structures: this same desire leads Solomon to build up the walls of the city. It’s for the good of the people.

Application: Do you have a desire to do something good for the sake of your fellow man? To serve the world? This is a good impulse, a good desire. Jesus tells us to pursue this impulse, to love our neighbors.

But that’s not all Solomon asks for; he also wants a discerning heart in order to properly listen to God, to have spiritual perception, awareness that he might be able to discern between right and wrong. Solomon wants to do right in the eyes of the Lord; he wants to glorify God. And this is the same sort of impulse that will lead him to build the temple. And this is no small task! Solomon wants to create space for God to be properly worshipped. He’s made 1,000 sacrifices at Gibeon; now he wants a place where God can be worshipped continually.

Application: Can you see how this relates to you also? In your time as a Christ follower, you’ve done much to build up the temple of the Lord. Maybe you’ve gone on mission trips around the world, but I’m willing to bet you’ve also been a vital part of the Lord’s church here at home. You’ve shared Jesus with your friends; you’ve demonstrated the love of God to the people around you. Solomon’s love for God led him to build the temple; your love for God has animated you, too.

But it’s this last structure — the matter of the royal palace — that gets Solomon into trouble. Let’s look at 1 Kings 11.

Ch10 is basically summarized in one verse, v23: King Solomon was greater in riches and wisdom than all the other kings of the earth. God grants Solomon his request and then some…gives him wealth and prestige and tremendous knowledge. We might say Solomon had it all.

But tragically, his heart was not content. Read 11:1-9

Now King Solomon loved many foreign women, along with the daughter of Pharaoh: Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite women, from the nations concerning which the Lord had said to the people of Israel, “You shall not enter into marriage with them, neither shall they with you, for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods.” Solomon clung to these in love. He had 700 wives, who were princesses, and 300 concubines. And his wives turned away his heart. For when Solomon was old his wives turned away his heart after other gods, and his heart was not wholly true to the Lord his God, as was the heart of David his father. For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. So Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the Lord and did not wholly follow the Lord, as David his father had done. Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for Molech the abomination of the Ammonites, on the mountain east of Jerusalem. And so he did for all his foreign wives, who made offerings and sacrificed to their gods.

And the Lord was angry with Solomon, because his heart had turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice.

Solomon’s appetite has tragic consequences. His appetite for political expansion leads to all of these arranged marriages. His sexual appetite contributes to this huge number of concubines as well.

It begins as a seemingly slight accommodation. Exodus 34 and Deuteronomy 17 have these restrictions on intermarrying with foreign peoples who would lead Israel into idolatry. But Solomon thinks, “This won’t happen to me. It’s just an insignificant law. I’m still obedient to the ‘big ones’.”

And once again, we see that there’s no such thing as partial obedience. Accommodation always leads to enslavement.

Solomon takes into his royal palace 700 wives – princesses, royal arranged marriages – and another 300 concubines (viewed as something like a “secondary wife” in a polygamous culture). Even if you take into account that some of these marriages are political arrangements, this is still an obscene number that is indicative of the unchecked passions that will bring Solomon down.

Do you remember those 1,000 sacrifices Solomon made before the Lord at Gibeon? I can’t help but note the symmetry of these 1,000 women and what it says about them in v4: As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God.

Solomon’s emphasis on his royal palace – and the gratification of self – leads to the construction of a final structure: high places, locations for idol worship.

Three gods mentioned here that Solomon worships:

  1. Ashtoreth (v5) – God of Sidonians; worship involved ritualized prostitution w/ both male & female prostitutes serving as “priests” in the cult.
  2. Molech (v5) – God of Ammonites – detestable worship practices, including child sacrifice.
  3. Chemosh (v7) – God of Moabites – also required child sacrifice.
    1. Do you remember us mentioning this one in our study of Ruth? I told you that I believe this is likely one of the gods Ruth denounced when she left Moab and told Naomi, “Your people will be my people and your God will be my God.”
    2. Now Solomon willfully turns back to this god; Chemosh has infiltrated the promised land of God by infiltrating the heart of the king.

How did this happen? Solomon was the king who had it all. What happened?

Solomon’s desire for gratification of self began to outweigh his desire to do good on behalf of the people…and it certainly became stronger than his desire to glorify God. As Solomon wrote in Proverbs 19:3, A man’s own folly ruins his life.

The question you have to ask yourself is this: What do you really want? What mark will you leave on the world?

Will it be a life of self-gratification or selfless service to the world?

Will it be a life spent in the worship of the One True God or one of the false gods of our age?

What do you want?

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